Violence against Long-Term Care Staff: CUPE/OCHU Poll Results

Violence against Long-Term Care Staff: CUPE/OCHU Poll Results
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The prevalence of violence in healthcare is reported to be greater than in other occupational settings. Research has found, for example, that nurses are subjected to more acts of violence than police officers or prison guards.

To examine the prevalence of violence in Ontario Long-Term Care sector, CUPE/OCHU conducted a poll of over 1200 workers in the sector.

This poll was conducted in January 2019, by Public Polling to investigate the prevalence of violence against staff and related stress in Ontario’s long-term care facilities.

Highlights provided herein are derived from the polling results.

Highlights

Physical Violence

  • 62% of PSWs experience physical violence at least once per week (including daily)
  • 89% of PSWs experience physical violence at least occasionally
  • 51% of RPNs experience physical violence at least once per week (including daily)
  • 88% of RPNs experience physical violence at least occasionally
  • 50% of female staff experience physical violence at least once per week (including daily)
  • 80% of female staff experience physical violence at least occasionally

Non-Physical Violence

  • 72% of PSWs experience non-physical violence at least once per week (including daily)
  • 67% of RPNs experience non-physical violence at least once per week (including daily)
  • 92% of PSWs and RPNs experience non-physical violence at least occasionally compared to 73% for support occupations

Sexual Harassment

  • 65% of female staff experience sexual harassment at least occasionally
  • 71% of PSWs experience sexual harassment at least occasionally, compared to 27% of RPNs and 42% for support occupations
  • 63% of overall respondents experience sexual harassment at least occasionally

Sexual Assault

  • 44% of female staff experience sexual assault at least occasionally
  • 55% of PSWs experience sexual assault at least occasionally (compared to 42% for RPNs and 19% for support occupations)

Reporting

  • 53% of overall respondents do not file incident reports (despite up to 89% having indicated experiencing physical violence and 92% non-physical violence)

Mental Health and Job Satisfaction

  • 71% of all respondents were in the upper half of the range (5 to 9) in terms of work-related stress, anxiety and depression
  • 74% of PSWs (424 of 570) were in the upper half of the range (5 to 9) in terms of work-related stress anxiety and depression
  • 23% of PSWs (133 of 570) indicated the highest level (9) of work-related stress anxiety and depression
  • 70% of all RPNs (161 of 229) were in the upper half of the range (5 to 9) in terms of work-related stress anxiety and depression
  • 66% of Other Support occupations (180 of 274) were in the upper half of the range (5 to 9) in terms of work-related stress anxiety and depression.
  • 65% of all respondents are considering leaving their jobs

Harassment - indigenous, racialized, recent immigrant, or visible minority

  • 69% of the 603 respondents self-identifying as indigenous, racialized, recent immigrant, or visible minority indicated that they experience related harassment at least occasionally

Staffing and Workload

  • 75% of all respondents believe that they are not providing adequate care due to workload and low staffing.
  • 92% of all respondents said additional staffing would prevent violence.

Women

Physical Violence

  • 32% of Female PSWs experience physical violence on a daily basis (vs. 22% for male PSWs).
  • 64% of Female PSWs experience physical violence at least once a week.
  • 89% of Female PSWs experience physical violence at least occasionally (includes daily and weekly).
  • 17% of Female RPNs experienced physical violence on a daily basis (vs. 16% all genders)
  • 51% of Female RPNs experience physical violence at least once a week.
  • 86% of Female RPNs experience physical violence at least occasionally (includes daily and weekly).
  • 54% of Female Other Support occupations experience physical violence at least occasionally (includes daily and weekly).

Non-Physical Violence

  • 46% of Female PSWs experience non-physical violence on a daily basis.
  • 92% of Female PSWs experience non-physical violence at least occasionally (includes daily and weekly).
  • 92% of Female RPNs experience non-physical violence at least occasionally (includes daily and weekly).
  • 75% of Female Other Support occupations experience non-physical violence at least occasionally (includes daily and weekly).

Sexual Harassment

  • 10% of Female PSWs experience sexual harassment on a daily basis (vs. 6% for male PSWs)
  • 72% of Female PSWs experience sexual harassment at least occasionally (includes daily and weekly) (vs. 59% for male PSWs.)
  • 68% of Female RPNs experience sexual harassment at least occasionally (includes daily and weekly).
  • 43% of Female Other Support occupations experience sexual harassment at least occasionally (includes daily and weekly) (vs. 37% for male support occupations)

Sexual Assault

  • 6% of Female PSWs experience sexual assault on a daily basis.
  • 57% of Female PSWs experience sexual assault at least occasionally (includes daily and weekly).
  • 41% of Female RPNs experience sexual assault at least occasionally (includes daily and weekly).
  • 18% of Female Other Support occupations experience sexual assault at least occasionally (includes daily and weekly).

Who are the Respondents?

  • Total # of respondents - 1,223
  • Total # of respondents who self-identified as indigenous, racialized, recent immigrant, or visible minority - 603

By Gender

  • 85% Women
  • 13% Men
  • 2% Unspecified
  • Total # of women – 1,038 (85% of respondents)
  • Total # of men – 162 (13% of respondents)
  • Total # of unspecified gender – 23 (2% of respondents)

By Occupational Group

  • Total # of PSWs – 660 (54% of respondents)
  • Total # of RPNs – 256 (21% of respondents)
  • Total # of Other Support Occupations – 307 (25% of respondents)
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